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LEGGENDE
THE HOLY GRAIL
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La leggenda del GraalOnly the pure persons could touch it and receive from it earthly and eternal happiness.

Over the years, several legends about the Holy Grail have been charming the earth’s people in every time, stimulating the fantasy of many writers.
In some legend the Holy Grail is described as the goblet used by Jesus Christ during the Last Supper, while in other ones it represents the cup into which Joseph of Arimathea would have gathered Christ’s blood after the Crucifixion.

According to a legend born in Spain and France around 1100, the Grail is a sacred and mysterious object kept in a temple or a castle in Brittany, and only the pure persons can touch it and gain earthly and heavenly happiness.

Other versions dating back to the 4th century tell that Magdalen, after escaping from the Holy Land, brought the Holy Grail to Marseilles, where its presumed relics are venerated still nowadays.
In the 15th century this tradition had already assumed an enormous importance among characters like Robert d’Anjou, who collected "“Graal cups”".

In the Arthurian ""Joseph d'Arimathie - Le Roman de l’Estoire dou Graal"" written in 1202 by Robert de Boron, the Grail is described as the goblet used in the Last Supper and into which Joseph of Arimathea gathered the blood of crucified Christ. The Grail is matched with a book written by Jesus Christ, which only those who live in God’s grace can read, and whose faith truths could be never pronounced by a mortal tongue without the four elements getting upset. If this, in fact, should happen, skies would pour rain, air would tremble, earth would subside and water would change its colour.

Why was the goblet brought to England?

Those who claim its existence state that during his stay in Cornwall, Jesus would have been gifted a ritual cup by a Druid converted to Christianity, and that object was very dear to him. After the Crucifixion, Joseph of Arimathea wanted to bring it back to the giver after that it had been further sanctified by Christ’s blood; the Druid in question was Merlin.

After reaching his destination Joseph leaves the cup to a guardian nicknamed "“Rich Fisher”" or "“Fisher King”" because, like Jesus, he managed to feed a high number of persons by multiplying one fish. Many centuries later, no one knew where the ”Fisher King” was, and the Grail had actually gone lost. Brittany was struck by a curse, which the Celts called Wasteland, a state of famine and physical-spiritual devastation. To put an end to the Wasteland it was necessary to recover the Grail, symbol of the lost pureness. A Round Table knight (Parsifal or Galaad, "“the virgin knight”") was then sitting on the "“perilous chair”", an empty chair at the Round Table on which no one, unless being punished with death, can sit but the "“Most virtuous knight in the world”", the one fated to find the Grail.

Inspired by dreams and omens, and after overcoming a series of dangerous trials like the "“Perilous Cemetery”", the "“Perilous Bridge”", the "“Perilous Forest”" etc, Parsifal found Corbenic, the Grail Castle, and then the Holy Cup.
But he did not dare asking the questions:
“What is the Grail?
Whose servant is it?”
thus contravening the evangelic suggestion "“ Ask and it will be given to you”", and so the Grail disappeared again.
After spending some years on meditation, Parsifal ( or Galaad)resumed his quest, finally asked the question and got this answer:
“The Grail is the plate where Jesus Christ ate the lamb with his disciples on Easter day. (…)And because that plate was grate to everybody, it is called the Holy Grail”".

At this point, around 540, Parsifal brought the Grail in Sarraz, a middle-eastern land impossible to place both historically and geographically; it is not Egypt, but "“in the distance the Great Nile can be seen”" and his king fights against a Ptolemy, while the Ptolemaic dynasty ended before Christ.

For centuries no one had been talking about the Grail, until it came suddenly back around the end of the 12th century, because of Crusades.
Since 1095 many Christian knights, Knights Templar, among them, went to the Holy Land and got naturally in touch with the local mystical and esoteric traditions, some of which were surely about the Grail, a sacred object with extraordinary powers.
Thanks to Knights Templar the legend reached Europe and spread all over it. S

omeone also claims that the Grail was found by crusaders and brought back to the Old Continent.
If this was the reality, where would it be now?
The most frequently mentioned places are:
The castle of Gisors, France
St Nicholas’ Cathedral, Bari, Italy
Church of Gran Madre di Dio - Torino - Italia
Castel del Monte Andria - Italia
Glastonbury – Great Britain
The castle of Montségur - France
Takht-I-Sulaiman – North-western Iran

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HISTORY