La battaglia di Ramses II contro gli Ittiti

Qadesh: la battaglia

Di ritorno dalla campagna militare, Ramses ne fece scolpire le scene sui muri del Ramesseo (a Tebe Ovest), ad Abu Simbel, a Karnak e a Luxor.

Immense rappresentazioni raffigurano i guerrieri, l’accampamento egiziano, lo scontro, gli avversari fatti schiavi e soprattutto Ramses, mentre da solo mette in fuga il nemico.

Della battaglia abbiamo anche due resoconti, il più importante dei quali, il Poema di Pentaur accompagna le scene narrate nei templi.

Qadesh

La cronaca secondo gli egizi

1275 avanti Cristo,fine del mese di aprile.

Il faraone Ramses II, marcia verso la valle del fiume Oronte per conquistare la città di Qadesh, una delle principali roccaforti ittite in Siria. E’ alla testa di ventimila uomini e duecento carri, divisi in quattro armate che hanno nome divini: Amon, Ptah, Ra e Seth.

Il motivo del contendere sono i territori della Siria del Nord.

L’avversario è il sovrano Muwatallish,a capo di una coalizione che conta diecimila soldati di fanteria e oltre tremilacinquecento carri da guerra.

Nei pressi del fiume Oronte, le guardie del faraone catturano due uomini che dicono di essere disertori dell’esercito ittita e di avere informazioni utili per gli Egizi.

Portati al cospetto di Ramses gli “confessano” che Muwatallish e i suoi soldati sono molto lontani, e che il faraone non avrebbe corso alcun rischio ad attaccare.

Certo ormai che la conquista di Qadesh sarebbe stata semplicissima, Ramses parte senza aspettare il resto dell’esercito. Alla testa della sola armata Amon si dirige verso la piana antistante Qadesh, dove fa accampare gli uomini.

Solo quando le sue guardie catturano due nemici in avanscoperta, si rende conto di essere caduto in un tranello.

Ma è troppo tardi.

L’esercito ittita, nascosto dietro la città fortificata attacca improvvisamente.

Presa alla sprovvista, la fanteria del faraone fugge e solo Ramses, alla testa delle sue fedeli guardie del corpo, cerca di arginare l’avanzata degli Ittiti.

“C’è riuscito grazie a due fortunati”imprevisti”: innanzitutto la furia ittita che comincia a scemare. Conquistato l’accampamento egizio gli Ittiti preferiscono lanciarsi al saccheggio di ciò che i nemici hanno lasciato nella fuga piuttosto che restare concentrati in difesa.

Il “colpo di grazia” è l’arrivo di un contingente che da man forte al faraone e alle guardie. A questo punto le sorti del combattimento si capovolgono e da una facile vittoria, gli Ittiti si ritrovano in difficoltà.

Al tramonto si sospendono le ostilità, ma durante la notte altri reggimenti egizi raggiungono il faraone. Il mattino dopo, una serie di valorose cariche dell’esercito egizio costringe il re ittita a chiedere un armistizio.

E’ probabile però che le cose siano andate un po’ diversamente

Muwatallish perde molti dei suoi carri (più numerosi ma più pesanti e difficili da manovrare dei leggeri carri egizi da guerra), ma mantiene intatta la fanteria che non viene lanciata nella mischia.

A Ramses,invece, l’attacco a sorpresa delle truppe ittite costa l’annientamento di almeno uno dei suoi quattro reggimenti.

Il risultato è stato quindi un pareggio, che costringe Ramses a rinunciare alla conquista di Qadesh. Tuttavia la sua abilità propagandistica riesce a trasformare una disfatta  nell’ impresa eroica di un grande condottiero.

PROSSIMI ARTICOLI
Il trattato di pace

106 pensiero su “QADESH”
  1. Do you have a spam problem on this site; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; we have
    developed some nice practices and we are looking to swap solutions with others, why
    not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  2. I got this website from my pal who shared with me on the topic of this web page and at the moment this time I
    am visiting this web page and reading very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  3. You’re so interesting! I do not suppose I’ve read anything like that before.

    So nice to discover somebody with a few original thoughts on this subject matter.
    Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This website is
    something that’s needed on the web, someone with some originality!

  4. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.
    You have some really good articles and I believe I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really
    like to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an email if interested. Thank you!

  5. I absolutely love your site.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you build this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create my own site and want to find
    out where you got this from or what the theme is named.
    Kudos!

  6. Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have created some nice practices
    and we are looking to exchange solutions with others,
    be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

  7. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this website.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a fantastic job with this.

    Also, the blog loads very quick for me on Safari. Exceptional Blog!

  8. What’s up, this weekend is pleasant designed for me, as this
    point in time i am reading this great informative article here at my residence.

  9. Hi there! I realize this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask.
    Does operating a well-established website such as yours require a massive amount work?
    I am completely new to blogging but I do write in my diary every day.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share
    my own experience and views online. Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers.
    Thankyou!

  10. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this site.

    I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well.

    In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged
    me to get my own blog now 😉

  11. It’s actually a cool and helpful piece of information. I’m glad that you just shared this useful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  12. Greetings, I believe your blog may be having internet browser compatibility problems.
    Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in Internet
    Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Apart from that, great blog!

  13. Hi there I am so happy I found your webpage, I really found you by mistake, while I was browsing on Google for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to
    say kudos for a fantastic post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I
    have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the fantastic b.

  14. Admiring the commitment you put into your site and in depth information you
    offer. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed
    material. Excellent read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  15. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites
    I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to read through articles from other
    authors and use something from their web sites.

  16. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your blog. It appears like some of the text on your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too? This may be a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously. Appreciate it|

  17. Hey, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!|

  18. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea|

  19. This is the perfect webpage for everyone who would like to find out about this topic. You know so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a topic which has been written about for decades. Great stuff, just great!|

  20. We’re a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with useful info to work on. You have performed an impressive activity and our whole neighborhood will probably be thankful to you.|

  21. Hello! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My blog looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Thank you!|

  22. Hey there are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you need any html coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!|

  23. Terrific work! This is the kind of information that are supposed to be shared around the internet. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this publish upper! Come on over and visit my website . Thanks =)|

  24. Magnificent site. Plenty of helpful information here. I am sending it to some pals ans also sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your effort!|

  25. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I’m going to watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  26. Howdy, There’s no doubt that your web site could possibly be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent blog!|

  27. You can definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write.

    The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who
    aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. At all times
    go after your heart.

  28. Hello! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!|

  29. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a applicable deal. I had been a little bit familiar of this your broadcast offered shiny clear concept|

  30. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after going through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly pleased I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!|

  31. Attractive component of content. I simply stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing for your augment and even I success you access consistently rapidly.|

  32. We are a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand
    new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive
    job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  33. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted
    to say that I have really loved surfing around your weblog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing for your rss feed and
    I am hoping you write again soon!

  34. Fantastic post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte
    more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more.

    Cheers!

    Also visit my web-site :: tracfone

  35. Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something.

    I think that you just can do with a few % to drive the message house a
    little bit, however other than that, that is excellent blog.
    An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  36. I am really inspired with your writing skills and also with the structure to your weblog. Is that this a paid subject or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s uncommon to look a great weblog like this one nowadays. !

  37. Thanks for some other informative site. The place else may just I get
    that kind of information written in such a perfect way? I have a project that I am simply now working on, and I’ve
    been on the glance out for such information.

    My web site tracfone coupon

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *