ARTE

Medinet Habu
Il “Castello dei Milioni di Anni

Nell’Antico Egitto vi erano due tipi di templi: le dimore degli dei e i templi funerari costruiti per il culto del Faraone dopo la morte che nel Nuovo Regno presero il nome di “Castelli di milioni di anni”.

Quando il Faraone moriva diventava Osiride e dalla sua sopravvivenza eterna dipendeva l’armonia dell’Egitto.

Per questo motivo prima della piramide, che racchiuderà nel futuro la salma del sovrano, veniva costruito un tempo funerario nel quale cinque statue che raffiguravano il Faraone, venivano costantemente purificate. Ogni giorno venivano inoltre deposte offerte su un altare vicino ad una “falsa porta” che permetteva al defunto faraone di passare dal mondo dei morti a quello dei vivi per nutrirsi.

Templi funerari e Case di Vita
Falsa porta

Durante la III Dinastia un complesso funerario situato nella piana di Saqqara aveva celebrato i giubilei del faraone Djoser, tuttavia le costruzioni sembravano essere erette per un esercito di ombre piuttosto che per dei dipendenti che avevano il compito di occuparsi quotidianamente del complesso.

Dagli inizi della IV Dinastia le costruzioni ricoprirono vari ettari a Dashur e soprattutto a Giza.

Alcuni documenti pervenuti dalla V Dinastia ci informano sull’economia di queste fondazioni, sulla vita nei templi e sul personale che ne aveva cura e quale era il posto che occupavano rispetto all’economia del Paese.

Sostenute dalle proprietà funerarie del faraone, tramite la Residenza ed il Tempio Solare, le entrate in viveri e stoffa servivano per le necessità del sovrano dopo la sua morte, ma allo stesso tempo anche per nutrire i numerosi addetti del complesso funerario.

Cosa comprendeva il cerimoniale quotidiano?

Un servizio effettuato due volte al giorno che corrispondeva ai due pasti terreni del sovrano defunto. La pulizia delle sue cinque statue, la lettura dei rituali, diverse purificazioni, la cura dell’edificio e la redazione degli atti di archivio.

Il personale era diviso in cinque gruppi diretti da cinque capi che si alternavano secondo tabelle specifiche.

Ogni gruppo era diviso in due settori composti da circa venti persone con due responsabili. Si aggiungevano poi i sacerdoti, gli artigiani, i parrucchieri, i vasai, i cuochi, i lavandai, i facchini, i medici ed i cantori così da costituire un totale di circa trecento persone.

Nelle cappelle delle tombe circostanti questi complessi funerari, un gran numero di persone assicuravano offerte per i cortigiani, gli alti funzionari e le loro famiglie spesso provenienti dal tempio vicino.

A Tebe i templi funerari Ramessidi erano una sorta di compromesso tra i templi dell’Antico e del Medio Regno e i templi divini.

Comprendevano un palazzo di dimensioni ridotte indispensabile per le cerimonie dei giubilei e altre che si svolgevano nel recinto sacro; furono importanti centri economici come il Ramesseum, e amministrativi come Medinet Habu.

Anche i templi divini erano il cuore di molteplici competenze, gli archivi locali e i testi incisi sulle pareti ne conservano varie testimonianze.

Le cerimonie avevano il compito di onorare le divinità più importanti del luogo su cui sorgeva il tempio e ricalcavano un rituale simile a quello che assicurava la sopravvivenza del faraone defunto. La stanza del sovrano era sostituita dalla stanza dei dio, racchiusa nel punto più interno del tempio, in un naos di cui le porte potevano essere aperte solo da sacerdoti qualificati.

Era loro compito prendersi cura della statua del dio che veniva vestita, ornata, incensata e alla quale venivano offerti cibi freschi e saporiti accompagnati dalla recitazione di un rituale divino giornaliero.

Oltre agli obblighi quotidiani assolti dai vari officianti, altri lavori essenziali richiedevano qualità intellettiva e arte: la ricopiatura e la redazione dei libri sacri che si effettuava nella Casa di Vita.

Analoghi agli scriptoria delle abbazie medioevali, formavano generazioni di scribi che si esercitavano a riprodurre le composizioni del passato, a redigere nuovi documenti e a ricercare negli archivi ricette medicinali e magiche. Non lontano in un laboratorio altri specialisti inventano profumi, unguenti e prodotti di bellezza.


Poco distante, ma lontano da questo mondo di magia e sapere, si trovavano gli uffici e i magazzini. Compito degli uffici era principalmente gestire gli interessi della proprietà divina, tenere la contabilità dei raccolti e del bestiame, dei prodotti delle spedizioni, delle concessioni minerarie e dei bottini che i sovrani riportavano dalle campagne militari.

61 pensiero su “I TEMPLI FUNERARI e le CASE della VITA”
  1. Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you’re
    utilizing? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this
    blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you recommend a good internet hosting provider at a fair price?
    Cheers, I appreciate it!

  2. I think this is one of the most important information for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things,
    The site style is ideal, the articles is really nice :
    D. Good job, cheers

  3. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my
    blog stand out. Please let me know where you got your design. Cheers

  4. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was curious
    what all is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog
    like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations
    or advice would be greatly appreciated. Many
    thanks

  5. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering problems with your blog.
    It appears like some of the written text in your
    posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and
    let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This might be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Kudos

  6. I think this is among the most important info for me. And i am glad
    reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The site style is ideal,
    the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  7. Have you ever considered about including a little bit
    more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable and all.
    Nevertheless think of if you added some great photos
    or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content
    is excellent but with images and clips, this blog could
    certainly be one of the most beneficial in its niche.
    Great blog!

  8. My partner and I stumbled over here different web address and thought I may as well check things
    out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to checking out your web page repeatedly.

  9. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it,
    you happen to be a great author. I will make sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back in the foreseeable future.
    I want to encourage you continue your great work, have
    a nice weekend!

  10. This is a great tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Short but very precise information… Many thanks for sharing this one.

    A must read article!

  11. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice whilst you amend your site,
    how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a applicable deal.
    I had been a little bit acquainted of this your
    broadcast offered vivid transparent idea

  12. Fascinating blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would
    really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design. Bless you

  13. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
    Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something
    unique. P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  14. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively useful and
    it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to
    give a contribution & assist other users like its helped me.
    Good job.

  15. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Appreciate it|

  16. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s hard to get that “perfect balance” between usability and appearance. I must say you have done a fantastic job with this. In addition, the blog loads very fast for me on Firefox. Outstanding Blog!|

  17. I appreciate, lead to I discovered exactly what I was having a look for.

    You have ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.
    Bye

  18. We stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.|

  19. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any ways to help prevent content from being stolen? I’d genuinely appreciate it.|

  20. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.|

  21. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any methods to help prevent content from being stolen? I’d really appreciate it.|

  22. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here regularly. I’m reasonably sure I’ll be told plenty of new stuff proper right here! Best of luck for the following!|

  23. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.

    I’ve read this submit and if I could I wish to counsel you few attention-grabbing
    things or tips. Maybe you could write subsequent articles
    referring to this article. I desire to learn even more things about it!

  24. You really make it seem really easy with your presentation but I in finding this matter to be really one thing that I feel I would by no means understand.
    It sort of feels too complicated and very wide for me. I am taking a look forward for your subsequent put up, I will
    try to get the hang of it!

  25. After I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked
    the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time
    a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment.
    Is there a way you can remove me from that service?
    Thanks!

  26. Somebody essentially help to make severely articles I’d state.
    That is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this point?
    I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual put up incredible.
    Magnificent job!

  27. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any browser
    compatibility problems? A couple of my blog readers have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks great
    in Firefox. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

  28. hello!,I love your writing so much! share we keep up a correspondence extra
    approximately your post on AOL? I need an expert in this space to
    solve my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look ahead to look you.

  29. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted
    to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing in your feed and I hope you write once more soon!

  30. I feel this is among the such a lot significant info for me.
    And i’m happy reading your article. But should commentary on few basic things, The web site
    taste is wonderful, the articles is actually nice : D. Just right job, cheers

  31. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
    Thanks for great info I was looking for this
    information for my mission.

    Check out my site … tracfone

  32. First of all I would like to say great blog! I had a quick question that
    I’d like to ask if you don’t mind. I was curious to
    find out how you center yourself and clear your mind before writing.

    I’ve had a tough time clearing my mind in getting my
    thoughts out. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted just trying to figure
    out how to begin. Any ideas or tips? Cheers!

    Check out my web page: tracfone special coupon 2022

  33. Attractive element of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I success you get admission to constantly rapidly.

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *