La politica di Bismark

Nel 1875/76 la Bosnia Erzegovina e la Bulgaria insorsero contro il dominio di Costantinopoli.

La repressione turca diede spunto alla Russia, che si atteggiava tradizionalmente a protettrice dei popoli slavi, per entrare in guerra contro la Turchia a cui impose il Trattato di Santo Stefano.

Il trattato prevedeva uno smembramento quasi completo dell’Impero ottomano. La costituzione di un grande stato bulgaro, praticamente vassallo della Russia, suscitò le proteste dell’ Austria-Ungheria, direttamente interessata alla situazione balcanica, e dell’Inghilterra, che vedeva minacciato il Mediterraneo orientale.

La guerra fu evitata grazie alla mediazione di Bismark, cancelliere tedesco, che convocò a Berlino nel 1878 un congresso tra le grandi potenze.

Vi fu una revisione sostanziale del trattato di Santo Stefano, limitando fortemente l’autonomia della Bulgaria, ed approvando la piena indipendenza di Montenegro, Serbia e Romania. La Bosnia e l’Erzgovina furono lasciate in “amministrazione temporanea” all’Austria la quale, con tale congresso, riuscì a strappare alla Russia il predominio sui Balcani.

Il Congresso fornì una sistemazione delle frontiere che rimase pressoché invariata fino alle guerre balcaniche. Stabilì la netta prevalenza degli interessi delle potenze europee sulle aspirazioni degli stati balcanici e della stessa Turchia.

Alla raggiunta stabilità dei confini non corrispose, nei decenni successivi, una crescita della stabilità politica della regione.

L’Impero turco, si dimostrò del tutto incapace di realizzare riforme politiche al suo interno. Le stesse potenze europee iniziarono nel XX secolo a pentirsi per aver dato vita a stati troppo piccoli per essere vitali sotto il profilo economico e militare.

Si cominciò a parlare di balcanizzazione per intendere la condizione di disordine interno e di precarietà di rapporti internazionali in cui versavano tutti gli stati balcanici.

In tale contesto in tutti i paesi presero piede ideologie nazionaliste con grande rapidità. Si crearono miti popolari e ambizioni nazionali sicuramente sproporzionati alla effettiva forza economica, politica e militare dei paesi balcanici.

  • Dal VI secolo ai turchi
  • Sloveni e croati
  • Impero asburgico
  • La politica di Bismark
  • La prima guerra mondiale
  • Serbi, croati e sloveni
  • Il regno di Jugoslavia
  • La seconda guerra mondiale
  • La resistenza Cetnica
  • La resistenza di Tito
  • La Jugoslavia con Tito
  • La repubblica Federale
  • L’ascesa del nazionalismo
  • La crisi jugoslava
  • Le vicende nella Serbia
  • Autonomia Slovena
  • La Croazia
  • Bosnia e Herzegovina
  • La guerra in Bosnia
  • Gli accordi di Dayton
  • La crisi del Kosovo
  • Il crollo di Milosevic
  • Sviluppi recenti
  • Cronologia
  • Per sapere qualcosa di più
46 pensiero su “LA POLITICA DI BISMARK”
  1. Hi to every body, it’s my first go to see of this blog; this website consists of remarkable and truly fine stuff for

  2. Howdy! This is my first visit to your blog! We
    are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.

    Your blog provided us valuable information to
    work on. You have done a extraordinary job!

  3. I have been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  4. Hello! I simply want to offer you a huge thumbs up for your
    excellent information you have here on this post.
    I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  5. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who has been conducting a little homework on this.
    And he in fact ordered me lunch simply because I
    stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for
    spending the time to discuss this issue here on your web page.

  6. Thank you, I have recently been searching for information approximately this topic for a
    long time and yours is the greatest I have discovered till now.

    But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  7. It’s the best time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to
    be happy. I have learn this put up and if I may I wish to recommend you few
    interesting issues or tips. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.

    I wish to learn more issues approximately it!

  8. I blog often and I seriously appreciate your content.
    This great article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I subscribed to your Feed too.

  9. Great blog here! Also your site loads up fast!
    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link
    to your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  10. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog
    you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look
    forward to seeing it improve over time.

  11. Hey are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get
    started and create my own. Do you need any html coding knowledge to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  12. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this website daily,
    this site is truly nice and the viewers are actually sharing good thoughts.

  13. Attractive component to content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to claim that I acquire actually enjoyed
    account your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing on your feeds or even I achievement you get admission to constantly rapidly.

  14. Thanks for some other informative web site.
    The place else may just I get that type of information written in such an ideal approach?
    I’ve a mission that I’m just now working on, and I have
    been at the glance out for such info.

  15. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up?

    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% sure. Any recommendations
    or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thanks

  16. I needed to thank you for this excellent read!!
    I certainly loved every little bit of it. I have got you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff you post…

  17. Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like
    you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with
    some percent to pressure the message house a bit, however instead of that, this is excellent blog.

    A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

  18. I was curious if you ever considered changing the
    structure of your blog? Its very well written; I love
    what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of
    content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one
    or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  19. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after looking at many of the
    articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I found
    it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

  20. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire
    out a developer to create your theme? Superb work!

    my blog 2022

  21. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I am quite sure I will learn many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  22. I am really gld tto read tthis blog posts which inclludes lotss oof useful
    facts, thanks ffor providinbg thesee kkinds off statistics.

  23. Hey there! Quick question that’s entirely off
    topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when browsing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this
    problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.

    my page … tracfone coupon

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *