MITOLOGIA GRECA

Zeus
Nell’Iliade e nell’Odissea Zeus è descritto come regale e imparziale padrone della vita umana e divina.

Il fatto che non appaia, per quanto c’è dato sapere, come personaggio nelle tragedie greche, indica probabilmente il riguardo con il quale era considerato dagli autori e dal pubblico.

Zeus era il dio supremo della mitologia greca e anche se in principio il suo nome designava la luce del giorno, comandava su tutti i fenomeni atmosferici.

Viveva sulla cima dell’Olimpo e decideva della vita universale per mezzo di una bilancia su cui pesava le sorti degli uomini.

Quando un uomo doveva morire l’intervento di un altro dio o l’affetto che Zeus provava per il condannato non bastava a cambiare il suo destino.

Zeus proteggeva i viaggiatori stranieri e puniva severamente chi veniva meno alle leggi dell’ospitalità. Quando Paride, ospite di Menelao, rapì Elena, Zeus decise di non proteggerlo, anche se aveva agito istigato da Afrodite.

I Greci lo chiamavano anche “Zeus degli inferi” e sebbene abbia preso parte nella diatriba tra Ade e Demetra, riguardo al rapimento di Persefone, mai interferì nelle questioni dell’oltretomba.

Zeus era il più vecchio dei sei figli di Crono e di Rea, quest’ultimo, preoccupato di avere un rivale più forte di lui inghiottiva i figli appena nati.

Rea con l’aiuto di sua madre Gea che, aveva subito la stessa sorte dal consorte Urano, escogitò un piano per ingannare Crono.

Dopo aver avvolto in varie stoffe una grossa pietra, finse che si trattasse di Zeus e affidò il bimbo alle ninfe che si presero cura di lui nascondendolo in una grotta a Litto.

Zeus crebbe protetto dalle ninfe e quando divenne adulto, decise di porre fine alla tirannia del padre.

Con l’aiuto di Meti, figlia del titano Oceano e della titanide Teti, versò una pozione nella bevanda di Crono, il quale vomitò i cinque figli che aveva inghiottito insieme alla grossa pietra che fu poi posta a Delfi al centro della terra e divenne l’ombelico del mondo.

Con l’aiuto dei fratelli Poseidone e Ade e dei figli di Gea, i Ciclopi che gli donarono la folgore invincibile, e a tre Giganti centimani, Zeus sconfisse Crono e i Titani che l’avevano aiutato.

Zeus, Poseidone e Ade divisero l’universo in tre regni.

Zeus divenne il dio del cielo, Poseidone del mare, e Ade il signore dell’Oltretomba.

Il monte Olimpo e la terra erano considerati territori comuni, anche se Ade li visitò molto raramente.

Zeus ebbe un gran numero di figli da dee, ninfe e donne mortali, Molte dee con le quali si congiunse, erano originariamente divinità della terra.

Il matrimonio di un dio del cielo con una dea della terra era un punto fondamentale nella religione greca.

La prima moglie fu l’oceanide Meti, il cui nome significa “saggezza”; quando rimase gravida, Zeus seppe da Gea che il loro figlio sarebbe stato più forte di lui e l’avrebbe spodestato. Per questa ragione e per impadronirsi della saggezza della moglie, Zeus la inghiottì insieme al figlio che portava nel ventre.

Il figlio crebbe dentro Zeus e dalla testa del dio nacque Atena.

Sposò poi la titanessa Temi, che generò le Ore e le Moire. Zeus lasciò Temi per Eurinome, un’altra ocenaide che generò le Grazie, sposò sua sorella Demetra, dea della terra, dalla quale nacque Persefone.

Zeus si unì alla titanessa Mnemosine (memoria) che generò le nove Muse, e giacque con Leto generando Apollo e Artemide. Era, sorella di Zeus, divenne la sua ultima sposa e diede al dio tre figli; generò Efesto senza intervento maschile per vendicarsi della nascita di Atena.

Quando Zeus vide la nereide Teti, sia lui sia Poseidone cercarono di sedurla. Zeus, venuto a sapere dal titano Prometeo che il figlio di Teti era destinato a diventare più grande di suo padre, la costrinse a sposare il mortale Peleo.

Zeus aveva deciso di distruggere il genere umano con il diluvio a causa dell’empietà del re dell’Arcadia Licaone che aveva cercato di servire carne umana agli dei.

Per lo stesso motivo, e per aver rivelato agli uomini i segreti degli dei, Tantalo fu confinato nel Tartaro.

Zeus, punì anche Asclepio per aver disobbedito alle sue leggi resuscitando i morti, e come risposta Apollo cercò di vendicare suo figlio uccidendo i Ciclopi che avevano creato la folgore di Zeus.

Il dio avrebbe voluto distruggere Apollo ma Leto intervenne ottenendo che Apollo per punizione servisse per un anno un mortale.

Zeus punì severamente le trasgressioni degli dei.

Per fermare le persecuzioni di Era nei confronti di Eracle, Zeus la sospese alla volta celeste serrandole le caviglie in un’incudine. Costrinse Apollo e Poseidone a diventare schiavi di Laomedonte per punirli di un atto di ribellione.

La prima donna mortale sedotta da Zeus fu Niobe, figlia di Foraneo re di Argo, sedusse anche Io a lungo perseguitata da Era, e con lei generò Epafo antenato dei re d’Egitto.

Zeus appariva alle donne mortali nella forma di un animale o di un uomo qualsiasi. Quando Semele, madre di Dionisio, fu sedotta Era la convinse a chiedere al dio di provare la sua identità apparendole nella sua vera forma e a quella vista Semele incenerì.

Visitò Danae, madre di Perseo e si unì a lei in forma di pioggia, sedusse Leda madre dei Dioscuri in forma di cigno e da un uovo nacque Elena.

Gea stanca dell’arroganza di Zeus creò la razza dei Giganti che attaccarono l’Olimpo e produsse un’erba che li avrebbe resi immortali e invincibili.

Zeus chiese al sole, alla luna e alle stelle di non brillare in modo che i Giganti non potessero trovare la pianta magica.

Fu soltanto grazie all’aiuto di un eroe mortale se Zeus sconfisse i Giganti, infatti, Eracle li uccise a uno a uno con delle frecce avvelenate.

Gea non si rassegnò e creò il più pericoloso di tutti gli avversari degli dei: l’immortale mostro Tifone. Zeus stava quasi per essere sconfitto da questa creatura quando riuscì a seppellirlo sotto la Sicilia.

L’ultimo tentativo di spodestare Zeus fu fatto da Oto ed Efialte i quali misero le montagne Ossa, Pelio e Olimpo una sopra l’altra per raggiungere gli dei in cielo, furono sconfitti da Apollo e Artemide e confinati da Zeus nelle profondità del Tartaro.

86 pensiero su “ZEUS”
  1. I delight in, lead to I discovered just what I used to be taking a look for.
    You’ve ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day.
    Bye

  2. Unquestionably imagine that that you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be
    at the web the easiest thing to take into account of.

    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed whilst folks think about concerns that they plainly don’t recognize about.
    You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and also defined out the entire thing without having side-effects , other folks can take a signal.
    Will likely be again to get more. Thanks

  3. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have
    joined your rss feed and sit up for in quest of extra of your wonderful post.

    Also, I have shared your website in my social networks

  4. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of your website?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 pictures.

    Maybe you could space it out better?

  5. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Cheers

  6. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps
    everybody else experiencing problems with your blog. It looks
    like some of the text within your posts are running off the screen.
    Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know
    if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my
    internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thanks

  7. I’ll immediately seize your rss as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me recognize in order that I may subscribe.

    Thanks.

  8. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.

    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me
    to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your
    theme? Excellent work!

  9. Have you ever thought about writing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same topics you discuss and would really like to have you
    share some stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  10. That is a really good tip especially to those new
    to the blogosphere. Short but very precise info… Thanks for sharing
    this one. A must read post!

  11. Thank you for every other magnificent post.
    The place else may just anyone get that type of information in such a perfect approach of writing?

    I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the search for such information.

  12. Thanks , I’ve just been looking for info approximately this
    topic for a while and yours is the best I have discovered
    so far. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure concerning the supply?

  13. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz respond as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from.
    kudos

  14. Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it
    was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.

    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything.

    Do you have any suggestions for beginner blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  15. I’m not that much of a online reader to
    be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and
    bookmark your site to come back later on. Cheers

  16. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing
    the page layout of your website? Its very
    well written; I love what youve got to say.

    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect
    with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two
    images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  17. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wondering your situation; we have created some nice practices and we are
    looking to exchange techniques with other folks, why not shoot me an email if interested.

    My web page; special

  18. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog
    that’s both educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail
    on the head. The issue is something too few folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy that I came across this during my
    hunt for something concerning this.

  19. Normally I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this
    write-up very pressured me to check out and do it!

    Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, quite nice article.

  20. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write
    ups thank you once again.

    Feel free to visit my web site – tracfone

  21. I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?

    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog
    like this one nowadays.

  22. I like this post, enjoyed this one thanks for posting. “It is well to give when asked but it is better to give unasked, through understanding.” by Kahlil Gibran.

  23. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So nice to seek out someone with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this web site is something that is wanted on the web, somebody with somewhat originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  24. This design is spectacular! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  25. Hello there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

  26. My wife and i were really glad when Jordan could deal with his preliminary research with the ideas he received through your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to simply choose to be giving away points that other folks may have been selling. And now we take into account we’ve got the website owner to be grateful to for that. These explanations you have made, the easy website navigation, the friendships you will aid to instill – it’s many remarkable, and it’s making our son and us recognize that that subject is enjoyable, and that’s extraordinarily indispensable. Many thanks for all!

  27. I like what you guys are up also. Such intelligent work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  28. Thank you for every other informative web site. Where else could I am getting that kind of info written in such an ideal means? I have a venture that I am just now working on, and I’ve been at the look out for such information.

  29. Hello There. I discovered your weblog using msn. That is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn extra of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  30. Hey there, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!

  31. Hey, you used to write excellent, but the last few posts have been kinda boring… I miss your tremendous writings. Past several posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  32. I do trust all the ideas you’ve presented for your post. They’re very convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are too quick for starters. May just you please prolong them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  33. Thanks , I’ve recently been looking for information about this subject for ages and yours is the best I have discovered so far. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

  34. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and I to find It really helpful & it helped me out much. I’m hoping to present one thing again and aid others such as you aided me.

  35. Somebody necessarily lend a hand to make significantly posts I’d state. This is the very first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual post extraordinary. Magnificent job!

  36. I truly appreciate this post. I’ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thanks again!

  37. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself? Plz reply back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to know wheere u got this from. thanks

  38. Generally I do not read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice post.

  39. Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, great blog!

  40. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task.

  41. What i do not realize is actually how you’re now not really much more neatly-appreciated than you may be right now. You are very intelligent. You know therefore considerably in the case of this matter, produced me for my part imagine it from so many varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t involved until it is something to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. At all times take care of it up!

  42. I’m often to blogging and i actually respect your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and preserve checking for brand spanking new information.

  43. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  44. I’ll immediately grab your rss feed as I can not to find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me recognize so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  45. Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

  46. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch! “High living and high thinking are poles apart.” by B. J. Gupta.

  47. I’ve been surfing online more than three hours lately, but I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is lovely price sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the internet can be a lot more useful than ever before. “Truth is not determined by majority vote.” by Doug Gwyn.

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *