LEGGENDE

Un’esperienza di morte e rinascita, celebrata nel più gran segreto.

Golem

Il Golem è una figura mistica e simbolica simile a un automa, costituito da una materia alla quale è stata infusa la vita in modo artificiale. Il termine deriva probabilmente dalla parola ebraica Gelem, che significa “materia grezza” o “embrione”. E’ presente nel Tanakh (1) per indicare la “massa ancora priva di forma” che gli ebrei accomunano ad Adamo prima che gli fosse infusa l’anima. In ebraico moderno golem significa anche robot. A differenza della creatura ideata da Mary Shelley nel libro “Frankestein”, il Golem, è il prodotto di un atto creativo basato sulla parola, il suo nome significa “materia informe”. Il Golem eseguiva alla lettera gli ordini del suo creatore di cui diventava una specie di schiavo, tuttavia era incapace di pensare, di parlare e di provare qualsiasi tipo di emozione perché era privo di un’anima e nessuna magia sarebbe stata in grado di fornirgliela.

Si dice che il Golem sia stato formato attraverso il testo Sefer Yetzira (2) risalente alla sapienza di Abramo e si distingua per l’esegesi sui segreti dell’alfabeto ebraico, delle Sefirot (3) nel legame con l’anatomia del corpo umano con i pianeti, con i mesi, giorni e segni zodiacali.

Queste tre figure – l’uomo, il mondo e l’anno – rappresentano tre testimoni completi

Una piccola parentesi per ricordare che secondo la Cabala la creazione del mondo è avvenuta per un processo di emanazione di ogni cosa dal nome divino. Il principio fondamentale di tale concezione mistica considera ogni elemento del creato come derivato dalla composizione e scomposizione dei numeri e delle lettere dell’alfabeto ebraico, in particolare di quelle che compongono il nome di Dio.

“Dio ha creato tutte le cose per mezzo delle trentadue meravigliose vie della Sophia.

Queste vie sono costituite dai dieci numeri originari, qui chiamati sefirot, che sono le potenze fondamentali dell’ordine della creazione, e dalle ventidue lettere, cioè dalle consonanti, che sono gli elementi di base di tutto il creato”.

(Gershom Scholem, Il Nome di Dio e la teoria cabalistica del linguaggio, Adelphi, Milano, 1998, trad. di Adriano Fabris, p. 30).

Golem

La leggenda narra che nel XVI secolo il rabbino Jehuda Löw di Praga, cominciò a creare dei golem per sfruttarli come suoi servi, plasmandoli nell’argilla e risvegliandoli tramite una parola scritta sulla fronte:
verità (emeth).

I golem, però, diventavano sempre più grandi, finché fu impossibile servirsene. Un giorno il rabbino perse il controllo di un gigante che cominciò a distruggere tutto ciò che incontrava. Ripreso il controllo della situazione, l’uomo decise di smettere di servirsi del golem che nascose nella soffitta della Sinagoga Vecchia-Nuova di Praga, nel cuore del vecchio quartiere ebraico, dove, secondo la leggenda, si troverebbero ancora oggi.

Secondo un’altra leggenda Rabbi Elijah von Chelm creò un Golem che gli faceva da schiavo.

Questi, però crebbe a dismisura diventando talmente minaccioso da incutere terrore al suo creatore, che decise di cancellare la parola “emeth” lasciando sulla fronte solo meth (morte). Il Golem crollò decomponendosi in una massa d’argilla che schiacciò e soffocò il suo creatore.


In questa storia possiamo ravvisare un ammonimento contro l’uso sconsiderato delle forze magiche che non obbedendo più al proprio creatore diventano incontrollabili.

Può anche essere intesa come una parafrasi giudaica di leggende cristiane. Per esempio di quella secondo cui sant’Alberto Magno (1193-1280) si sarebbe fabbricato uno schiavo artificiale, poi distrutto dal suo allievo Tommaso d’Aquino (1225-74). Nell’opera di Ahimaaz ben Paltiel, cronista medievale del XII secolo, si narra che nel IX secolo un rabbino, Ahron di Bagdad, scoprì un Golem a Benevento, un ragazzo a cui era stata donata la vita eterna per mezzo di una pergamena. Sempre alla fine del IX secolo, secondo la cronaca di Ahimaaz, nella città di Oria (Brindisi) risiedevano dei sapienti ebrei capaci di creare Golem, i quali smisero di praticare questa attività dopo una ammonizione divina.

Gershom Scholem nell’ultimo capitolo di “La Kabbalah e il suo simbolismo” fa un excursus di queste leggende, e puntualizza come il famoso “Golem” di Meyrink (il libro fu pubblicato nel 1915 e divenne subito famosissimo contribuendo a diffondere la leggenda) abbia poco o nulla a che fare con la tradizione ebraica.

Sembrerebbe piuttosto un insieme di leggende, credenze magiche e superstizioni da romanzo gotico.

1 La Bibbia ebraica o Tanakh è l’Antico Testamento per i cristiani, nella versione masoretica per i “Protestanti” e della settanta per Ortodossi e Cattolici.
I libri che non appartengono al canone della Bibbia ebraica sono detti deuterocanonici dai cattolici mentre sono considerati apocrifi dai protestanti.

2 Il Sefer Yetzirah (Libro della Formazione o Libro della Creazione) è uno dei testi più importanti dell’esoterismo ebraico, sebbene alcuni antichi commentatori considerassero il libro come un trattato di teoria matematica e linguistica in opposizione alla Cabala.

3 La parola “sefirot” è connessa, secondo il Sefer Yetzirah, con sefer (scrittura), sefar (computo) e sippur (discorso), che derivano dalla stessa radice SFR. Le Sefirot nella Cabala ebraica sono le dieci modalità o gli “strumenti” di Dio attraverso cui l’Ein Sof (l’Infinito) si rivela e continuativamente crea sia il reame fisico sia la Catena dei Reami metafisici superiori (Seder hishtalshelus)

POTREBBE INTERESSARTI

Uomini di pietra
Golem
Pietra – Simbologia
Le Pietre della fame


355 pensiero su “GOLEM”
  1. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew
    of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
    with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  2. I simply could not depart your site prior to suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard info a person supply for your guests? Is going to be back frequently to investigate cross-check new posts

  3. I have been browsing on-line more than three hours nowadays, but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It?¦s lovely price sufficient for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the web will probably be much more useful than ever before.

  4. Hiya very cool website!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds alsoKI’m satisfied to search out a lot of helpful information right here in the submit, we’d like develop extra techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  5. I not to mention my buddies were actually viewing the best points found on your web site and so the sudden developed an awful feeling I never thanked the site owner for those secrets. The women came consequently glad to read through all of them and now have quite simply been enjoying those things. Appreciate your being quite thoughtful and then for finding varieties of excellent guides most people are really eager to understand about. My very own honest apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  6. I’m not positive the place you’re getting your info, however great topic. I must spend some time studying more or figuring out more. Thank you for wonderful info I used to be on the lookout for this information for my mission.

  7. Thank you, I have recently been looking for information about this subject for a long time and yours is the best I’ve came upon till now. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to the source?

  8. I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  9. Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share. Kudos!

  10. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. thanks

  11. you’re in reality a good webmaster. The site loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you are doing any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a wonderful job on this matter!

  12. [url=https://stromectolus.store/#]ivermectin-pyrantel – generic to heartgard plus[/url] ivermectin where to purchase

  13. [url=https://prescriptiondrugs24.com/#]generic drugs without doctors prescription[/url] online prescription for ed meds

  14. What i do not understood is in truth how you are no longer actually a lot more well-preferred than you might be now. You’re very intelligent. You know thus considerably with regards to this topic, made me personally imagine it from a lot of varied angles. Its like men and women don’t seem to be fascinated unless it’s one thing to do with Girl gaga! Your individual stuffs nice. At all times take care of it up!

  15. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into it? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  16. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one these days..

  17. Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same information you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail.

  18. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i¦m happy to exhibit that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I so much for sure will make sure to don¦t disregard this web site and provides it a look on a continuing basis.

  19. Hello! I’ve been reading your blog for some time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic job!

  20. Oh my goodness! an amazing article dude. Thanks However I am experiencing problem with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical rss problem? Anyone who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  21. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is wonderful blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  22. We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with helpful information to paintings on. You have done an impressive activity and our whole group will likely be grateful to you.

  23. Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  24. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  25. [url=https://noprescriptioncanada.com/#]compare prescription drug prices[/url] internet pharmacies

  26. Those are yours alright! . We at least need to get these people stealing images to start blogging! They probably just did a image search and grabbed them. They look good though!

  27. Thanks for enabling me to get new ideas about pc’s. I also have belief that one of the best ways to help keep your mobile computer in leading condition is with a hard plastic-type material case, or perhaps shell, that will fit over the top of the computer. These kind of protective gear are generally model unique since they are manufactured to fit perfectly over the natural housing. You can buy these directly from the seller, or from third party sources if they are readily available for your laptop, however don’t assume all laptop may have a covering on the market. Once again, thanks for your guidelines.

  28. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you?¦ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What an ideal site.

  29. I cling on to listening to the news broadcast talk about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i acquire some?

  30. I haven¦t checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  31. I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  32. Hi there! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my good old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  33. I just couldn’t leave your website prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the usual info a person supply in your visitors? Is going to be again continuously to investigate cross-check new posts

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *