Dopo la morte di Alessandro Magno, ebbe inizio la monarchia dei Lagidi, cosiddetti da Tolomeo figlio di Lago (Tolomeo I Sotere), che nel 305 a.C. assunse il titolo regale. Questa monarchia ebbe continuità e stabilità grazie alla posizione geograficamente isolata dell’Egitto.
Sia il ruolo religioso, il potere del re e le cerimonie rimasero le stesse di quelle del periodo faraonico.
La gerarchia nelle funzioni amministrative e nell’esercito erano complesse con un alto numero di dignitari di corte. Non ci fu mai una reale fusione del mondo ellenistico e di quello egizio, anzi le due culture vissero parallelamente senza mai unirsi.
Naukratis, Tolemaide ed Alessandria, diventarono città greche. Quest’ultima, fondata da Alessandro Magno, fu una grande metropoli capitale intellettuale della cultura ellenistica.
I Tolomei ebbero frequenti conflitti con le altre due grandi monarchie ellenistiche, la Macedonia e la Siria. I rapporti con Roma furono invece amichevoli, tanto che nel 273 a.C., Tolomeo II stipulò un trattato commerciale.
A Tolomeo I Lago, morto nel 283 a.C. , successe Tolomeo II detto il Filadelfo, il quale regnò sino al 246 combattendo contro Antioco I con alterni risultati. Furono le nozze della figlia Berenice con Antioco II che posero momentaneamente fine al conflitto siro-egiziano.
Tolomeo III Evergete I (246-221 a.C.) combattè contro Selenco II sinchè riuscì ad annettere all’Egitto la Cirenaica e assicurò al paese un periodo di pace e benessere.
Sotto Tolomeo IV Filopatore (221-205 a.C.) ebbe inizio la decadenza egizia, nonostante la vittoria di Rafia del 217 contro i Siriani e la conquista della Celesiria. Nel 203 i sovrani di Siria e Macedonia si allearono contro l’Egitto, minacciando anche Rodi e Pergamo, pertanto Tolomeo Attalo e i Rodiesi chiesero l’intervento romano.
Dopo la sconfitta di Filippo V di Macedonia ad opera dei Romani, nella battaglia di Cinocefale, Antioco III riuscì a riprendere la Celesina per la cui riconquista Tolomeo VI Filometore scatenò un’ulteriore guerra siriaca che terminò con la battaglia di Pelusio, vinta da Antioco IV nel 168.
Nel 163 scoppiò una diatriba tra Filometere e il fratello Tolomeo Fiscone, di cui approfittarono i Romani, intervenendo nella politica interna egizia e spartendo l’Egitto tra i due fratelli.
Quando Filometere morì, l’Egitto ritrovò la sua unità e una certa prosperità, ma solo passeggere.
Il I secolo a.C. segnò l’inizio della rapida decadenza egizia. Nel 96 la Cirenaica divenne dominio romano, lo stesso fu di Cipro nel 58. Nell’ 85 Tebe era stata distrutta da Tolomeo IX Sotere Latiro che mise fine così alla grande tradizione sacerdotale tebana.
Cleopatra, l’unica dei Tolomei che parlasse la lingua egiziana, si suicidò dopo la battaglia di Azio del 31 a.C., vinta da Ottaviano contro Antonio, si concluse così la monarchia dei Tolomei e l’ultima fase storica di un Egitto indipendente.
Le legioni di Ottaviano invasero l’Egitto che divenne una provincia romana, posta direttamente sotto l’autorità dell’imperatore rappresentato da un prefetto.
Poche sono le testimonianze dell’età paleolitica. Reperti più abbondanti relativi alla fase mesolitica, si trovano a Helwan, Kom Ombo e nell’oasi di Laqeita
- Periodo arcaico
Nel tardo periodo Gerziano (3100 ca. a.C.) si erano costituiti due regni, uno nell’Alto Egitto, che aveva come capitale la città di Hieraconpolis, e un altro nel Basso Egitto
- Antico Regno
Comprende cinque secoli, durante i quali si succedettero quattro dinastie (dalla III alla VI). La capitale era Menfi, città fondata a Sud del delta già nel periodo periodo arcaico precedente.
- Primo Periodo Intermedio
Con la VII dinastia iniziò il primo periodo intermedio, teatro di continue lotte interne le cui vicende sono abbastanza oscure.
- Medio Regno
Sebbene il Medio Regno sia generalmente ritenuto comprensivo dell’intera XI dinastia, esso iniziò in realtà con la riunificazione del paese operata da Mentuhotep II
- Secondo Periodo Intermedio
I sovrani della XIII dinastia furono più deboli dei loro predecessori, pur riuscendo a mantenere il controllo della Nubia e a gestire un’amministrazione centralizzata.
- Nuovo Regno
Il Nuovo Regno fu il periodo più fiorente della storia egizia, grazie ai faraoni Ramessidi e al ribelle Akhenaton
- La bassa epoca
L’Egitto conobbe un periodo di decadenza sia economica che politica e, pur continuando a svolgere un ruolo importante nel bacino del Mediterraneo, perse la sua egemonia sui paesi vicini.
- Periodo Tolemaico
Dopo la morte di Alessandro Magno, ebbe inizio la monarchia dei Lagidi, cosiddetti da Tolomeo figlio di Lago (Tolomeo I Sotere), che nel 305 a.C. assunse il titolo regale
- La riunificazione dell’Egitto
- La Nubia
Fu il punto cardine per i commerci e per gli scambi culturali tra il mondo africano e quello egizio.
- Le dinastie saitiche
Durante il periodo libico (VIII secolo), i capi dei Libu e dei Mashawash unificarono intorno a Sais i nomoi del Delta occidentale, mentre il resto del Paese rimaneva diviso.
- Le Dinastie dei Faraoni
114 pensiero su “STORIA DELL’ANTICO EGITTO”
[…] PERIODO TOLEMAICODopo la morte di Alessandro Magno, ebbe inizio la monarchia dei Lagidi, cosiddetti da Tolomeo figlio di Lago (Tolomeo I Sotere), che nel 305 a.C. assunse il titolo regale. […]
Hi there mates, fastidious article and pleasant urging commented
at this place, I am in fact enjoying by these.
I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.
It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me
to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to
create your theme? Great work!
Everything is very open with a precise explanation of the challenges.
It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Thanks for sharing!
Stunning quest there. What happened after? Good luck!
Excellent goods from you, man. I have bear in mind your stuff previous to and you
are just too magnificent. I actually like what you’ve bought right here, certainly like what you’re stating and the best way by
which you assert it. You are making it enjoyable and you
continue to take care of to stay it sensible. I cant wait to learn much more from you.
This is actually a great web site.
Somebody necessarily help to make critically
posts I would state. That is the first time I frequented your web
page and so far? I surprised with the analysis you made to create
this particular publish extraordinary. Great activity!
I truly love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme.
Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create
my very own blog and want to know where you got this from or just what the
theme is named. Many thanks!
I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s
both educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
The problem is something that not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.
I am very happy I found this during my search for something relating
I love what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever work and reporting!
Keep up the awesome works guys I’ve added you guys to my personal blogroll.
Great delivery. Outstanding arguments. Keep up the good effort.
Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could
i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal.
I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast
provided bright clear concept
Great blog here! Additionally your site loads up very fast!
What web host are you using? Can I am getting your affiliate hyperlink for your host?
I want my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol
Asking questions are genuinely pleasant thing if you are not understanding something entirely, but this post provides nice
Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your site
in web explorer, might test this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a
big element of other people will pass over your wonderful writing because of this
What’s up to every body, it’s my first pay a quick visit of this web site; this webpage
consists of amazing and truly excellent information in support of visitors.
A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that
you should write more on this subject, it may not
be a taboo subject but typically people do not talk about
these topics. To the next! Cheers!!
I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as
well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid
theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.
I have read so many posts about the blogger lovers but this paragraph is genuinely a fastidious post, keep it up.
This info is invaluable. When can I find out more?
I’m gone to say to my little brother, that he should also visit this website on regular basis to obtain updated
from most recent news update.
It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I am happy that you simply shared this useful
information with us. Please stay us informed like this.
Thanks for sharing.
Hello! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone!
Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward
to all your posts! Carry on the superb work!
Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about
this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home
a bit, but other than that, this is fantastic blog.
A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.
I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your
sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your
website to come back down the road. Many thanks
It is perfect time to make a few plans for the long
run and it’s time to be happy. I have read this put up and if
I could I wish to suggest you few fascinating things or tips.
Perhaps you could write subsequent articles regarding this article.
I wish to learn even more issues approximately it!
Hi everyone, it’s my first pay a visit at this site, and piece of writing is really fruitful
in support of me, keep up posting such articles or reviews.
I like the helpful information you provide in your articles.
I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite
certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck
for the next!
Hello there! This blog post could not be written any better!
Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
He always kept talking about this. I’ll send this article to him.
Pretty sure he’ll have a great read. I appreciate you for
Fastidious answers in return of this matter with solid arguments and describing the
whole thing regarding that.
Visit my page; coupon
I love what you guys are up too. This sort
of clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you
guys to our blogroll.
Admiring the hard work you put into your site and detailed information you provide.
It’s nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted
rehashed material. Wonderful read! I’ve bookmarked your site and
I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.
This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
Finally I have found something that helped me. Thanks a lot!
Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended
up losing months of hard work due to no data
backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?
Great article! That is the type of information that should be shared around
the web. Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this post higher!
Come on over and discuss with my site . Thank you =)
I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or
weblog posts in this sort of space . Exploring in Yahoo I
ultimately stumbled upon this site. Studying this info So i’m glad to exhibit that I
have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I came
upon just what I needed. I so much for sure will make sure to don?t omit
this web site and give it a look regularly.
Quality posts is the main to attract the users to pay a visit the website,
that’s what this site is providing.
My homepage coupon
Thanks for your marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and will often come back in the foreseeable future.
I want to encourage yourself to continue your great writing,
have a nice evening!
My blog post: 2022
Link exchange is nothing else except it is only placing the other person’s webpage link on your page at
proper place and other person will also do similar in favor of
I’ve read several just right stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting.
I wonder how a lot effort you place to make this
kind of great informative website.
Your style is very unique compared to other people I’ve read stuff from.
I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web site.
Arjantin hatunlarl sikiş izle ırlanda pornu resımlerı
büyük yarakla kızlık bozma sikiş videoları teen porno am
sıkiş fotografları sevişme ücretsiz videoları.
kansız ve korkak bir piçi ben, korkarak küfür eder yüz yüze gelemem
En popüler, seçilen ev yapımı ve otelde porno videolar,
ben xxx ve çiftçiler ortağın kızı nostaljik benim stepassociate s son’u baştan çıkarma klips,
ihtiyacımız olan her şeye sahibiz. Gezegendeki en güzel Kızlar ile kayıt olmadan baştan çıkaran videolarını ücretsiz izleyerek tadını çıkarın. # Etiketler: # Ev Yapımı # Üniforma # Otelde.
What’s up i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read this article i thought i could also make comment due to this good paragraph.
Have a look at my webpage :: tracfone special coupon 2022
Hi, i think that i saw you visited my website so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things
to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!
Feel free to visit my web-site :: coupon
I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You’re wonderful! Thanks!
Some really great info , Gladiolus I noticed this. “If a child can’t learn the way we teach, maybe we should teach the way they learn.” by Ignacio Estrada.
I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?
After all, what a great site and informative posts, I will upload inbound link – bookmark this web site? Regards, Reader.
Thankyou for this post, I am a big fan of this internet site would like to go along updated.
Very interesting details you have noted, regards for putting up.
F*ckin’ awesome things here. I’m very satisfied to look your article. Thank you a lot and i’m looking forward to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?
Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely magnificent. I actually like what you have acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it smart. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is really a wonderful web site.
Hello my family member! I want to say that this article is awesome, great written and include approximately all important infos. I would like to see more posts like this.
In this great scheme of things you secure an A+ for effort. Where exactly you misplaced me personally was on the details. As as the maxim goes, details make or break the argument.. And that could not be much more correct at this point. Having said that, permit me tell you just what did work. Your article (parts of it) can be really powerful and this is possibly why I am taking the effort in order to opine. I do not really make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, although I can easily notice the jumps in logic you make, I am not sure of just how you appear to unite your details which in turn produce the final result. For the moment I will subscribe to your issue however wish in the future you connect the dots much better.
As soon as I found this site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.
Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!
Superb blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any recommendations? Cheers!
I think this is one of the most significant info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers
Thanx for the effort, keep up the good work Great work, I am going to start a small Blog Engine course work using your site I hope you enjoy blogging with the popular BlogEngine.net.Thethoughts you express are really awesome. Hope you will right some more posts.
I went over this web site and I think you have a lot of superb information, saved to my bookmarks (:.
Hi, i feel that i saw you visited my site thus i got here to “go back the prefer”.I’m attempting to find things to improve my web site!I suppose its good enough to use some of your ideas!!
wonderful post, very informative. I wonder why the other specialists of this sector do not notice this. You must continue your writing. I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!
“tradeKey” is a B2B marketplace where companies sell products or services to other businesses. tradekey is the website that connects you with wholesale hijab suppliers for your only online store.
Greetings from Colorado! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the info you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, excellent blog!
After all, what a great site and informative posts, I will upload inbound link – bookmark this web site? Regards, Reader.
so much good information on here, : D.
Whats Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It absolutely helpful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & help other customers like its aided me. Great job.
Would you be fascinated by exchanging hyperlinks?
I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great blog posts.
I like this site very much, Its a real nice position to read and find information.
You have observed very interesting details! ps nice site.
Lovely blog! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also
Thank you for sharing with us, I think this website truly stands out : D.
This internet site is my inhalation, really excellent pattern and perfect content.
La Macedonia del Nord (in macedone: Macedonia del Nord; in albanese: Maqedonia e Veriut), ufficialmente Repubblica della Macedonia del Nord (in macedone: Repubblica della Macedonia del Nord; in albanese: Republika e Maqedonisë së Veriut), è uno Stato indipendente nella parte centrale della Penisola Balcanica, nell’Europa sud-orientale. Ha dichiarato la propria indipendenza dalla Jugoslavia nel 1991 ed è stata ammessa alle Nazioni Unite nel 1993. Fino al 12 febbraio 2019, il nome costituzionale del Paese era Repubblica di Macedonia, ma a causa della disputa sul nome con la Grecia, il nome viene utilizzato nelle organizzazioni internazionali con un prefisso temporaneo – Ex Repubblica Jugoslava di Macedonia (abbreviato FYR Macedonia e FYROM). La Macedonia del Nord è membro del Consiglio d’Europa e della NATO e dal 2005 è candidata all’adesione all’Unione Europea.
hey there and thanks in your info – I have certainly picked up anything new from proper here. I did however experience several technical points using this site, as I experienced to reload the web site a lot of instances prior to I could get it to load properly. I had been pondering if your web hosting is OK? Now not that I’m complaining, however sluggish loading circumstances instances will very frequently have an effect on your placement in google and can damage your high quality ranking if advertising and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and can look out for much extra of your respective exciting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..
Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely superb opportunity to read in detail from this website. It is always very nice and as well , full of fun for me and my office mates to visit your web site nearly thrice in one week to study the newest tips you have. And definitely, I’m so certainly happy with the spectacular advice served by you. Selected 1 ideas on this page are clearly the most effective we have ever had.
Some truly interesting information, well written and broadly speaking user friendly.
you are in reality a excellent webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a excellent job in this topic!
Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same information you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.
Would you be concerned about exchanging hyperlinks?
Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?
How does blogging/setting up a blog help a small to meduim size business grow?
Howdy very nice web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally?KI am glad to seek out a lot of helpful information right here in the post, we’d like develop more techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .
Way cool, some valid points! I appreciate you making this article available, the rest of the site is also high quality. Have a fun.
Hey there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this website.
Hi my family member! I want to say that this post is amazing, great written and include almost all important infos. I?¦d like to peer more posts like this .
WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..extra wait .. …
What¦s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively useful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & aid different users like its aided me. Good job.
hello!,I like your writing so a lot! percentage we be in contact more approximately your article on AOL? I require an expert on this area to resolve my problem. May be that is you! Having a look ahead to see you.
I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later. Cheers
I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.
Good V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..
I like this web site so much, saved to my bookmarks. “American soldiers must be turned into lambs and eating them is tolerated.” by Muammar Qaddafi.
I am curious to find out what blog platform you have been utilizing? I’m having some small security problems with my latest site and I would like to find something more secure. Do you have any suggestions?
Super-Duper blog! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more. I am bookmarking your feeds also.
I visited a lot of website but I conceive this one has something special in it in it
Good web site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a nice day!
I would like to thnkx for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming as well. In fact your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a good example of it.
Glad to be one of many visitors on this awing site : D.
Some genuinely nice stuff on this web site, I enjoy it.
I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.
Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task.
Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such wonderful info being shared freely out there.
hello!,I really like your writing so so much! share we communicate more about your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this house to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to look you.
hello!,I like your writing so a lot! percentage we keep up a correspondence more about your post on AOL? I require an expert on this space to resolve my problem. May be that is you! Taking a look forward to peer you.
Very well written post. It will be beneficial to anybody who employess it, as well as yours truly :). Keep doing what you are doing – looking forward to more posts.
I gotta bookmark this web site it seems invaluable very helpful
Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your webpage? My blog is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from some of the information you present here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Thanks a lot!
You are a very clever individual!
I’ll immediately clutch your rss feed as I can’t in finding your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly allow me recognize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.
I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the layout of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?